Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS)

 

The Labour Force Survey Results Fourth Quarter

 (October– December, 2016)  Round

 

Main Results

 

 

 

The labour force participation rate of individuals aged 15 years and above was 45.5%

 

The number of individuals participating in the labour force in Palestine was 1,348,000 in the 4th quarter 2016; 847,900 in the West Bank and 500,100 in Gaza Strip.

 

The labour force participation rate in the West Bank was 45.2% and 45.8% in Gaza Strip, the gap in the participation rate between males and females in Palestine still very big where it reached 71.4% for males compared with 18.9% for females.

 

25.7% the unemployment rate among labour force participants

 

Using ILO standards, the number of unemployed was 346,000 in the 4th quarter 2016; distributed as 202,900 in Gaza Strip and 143,100 in the West Bank.

 

The unemployment rate in Gaza Strip was 40.6% compared with 16.9% in the West Bank in the 4th quarter 2016, And the unemployment rate for males in Palestine was 21.0% compared with 43.9% for females.

 

The highest unemployment rate in the  4th quarter 2016 was 41.6% among youth aged  20-24 years. For years of schooling, the highest unemployment rate among females with 13 years of schooling and more was 49.1%.

 

The number of the employment in the local market increased between the 3rd   quarter and  4th quarter 2016

 

The number of employed in the local market increased from 857,900 in the 3rd quarter 2016 to 869,700 in the 4th  quarter 2016. The number of employed individuals in the West Bank increased by 1,900 employed, and the number of employed individuals in Gaza Strip increased by 9,900 employed individuals.

 

The services sector was the biggest employer in the local market with 34.4% in the West Bank and 51.8% in Gaza Strip.

 

The public sector employed 21.4% of those in employment; 35.0% in Gaza Strip and 15.6% in the West Bank.

 

The average daily wage for wage employees in the West Bank was 97.6 NIS compared with 63.8 NIS in Gaza Strip.

 

The average weekly hours worked by wage employees in the West Bank was 44.2 hour in the 4th quarter and 44.5 hour in the 3rd 2016. The average number of days worked per month was 22.6 and 22.9 day in the 4th  quarter 2016 and  3rd quarter 2016.  The average number of hours worked per week in Gaza Strip was 38.4 and 38.8  hours per week in the 4th  quarter 2016 and  3rd  quarter 2016, and the average number of days worked per month was 22.7 and 22.8 working day in 4th  quarter 2016 and 3rd  quarter 2016 respectively.

 

Number of employed in Israel and Israeli settlements was 128,800 in the 4th quarter 2016

 

The number of employed individuals employed in Israel and Israeli settlements was 128,800 in the 4th quarter 2016 compared with 111,800 in the 3rd quarter 2016. Of these; 67,000 had a permit, 46,400 worked without any permit and 15,400 employed individuals have an Israeli identity card or foreign passport.

 

The number of employees in the Israeli settlements increased from 18,100 in the 3rd  quarter 2016 to 24,200 in the 4th quarter 2016.

 

63.2% of employed in Israel and the Israeli settlements worked in the construction sector.

 

The average daily wage for the wage employees in Israel and the Israeli settlements reached 215.7 NIS in the 4th quarter 2016 compared with 222.3 NIS in the 3rd quarter 2016.

 

The average number of hours worked per week in Israel and the Israeli settlements reached 38.9 in the 4th  quarter 2016 compared with 40.9 in the 3rd  quarter 2016. The average number of days worked per month reached 19.0 working day in the 4th  quarter 2016 compared with 19.7 in the 3rd  quarter 2016.

 

Employment Status in the 4th quarter 2016

71.1% of employed individuals are wage employees; 68.0% in the West Bank and 78.6% in Gaza Strip.

 

17.9% of employed individuals are self- employed; 19.2% in the West Bank and 14.8% in Gaza Strip.

 

4.4% of employed individuals are unpaid family members; 5.0% in the West Bank and 2.9% in Gaza Strip.

 

6.6% of employed individuals are employers; 7.8% in the West Bank and 3.7% in Gaza Strip.

 

 

Working benefits for wage employees in the private sector

25.8% of wage employees are hired by contract (9.2% of them with limited period and 16.6% with unlimited period), compared with 50.2% hired without any contract, and 24.0% of wage employees are hired by verbal agreement.

 

 

22.8% of wage employees contribute to a pension fund, 23.0% have annual paid leave and 39.2% of wage employees women have paid maternity leave.

 

18.5% of employed individuals in Palestine are affiliated to a workers vocational union; 12.4% in the West Bank and 32.8% in Gaza Strip.

 

38.1% of wage employees in the private sector received less than the minimum wage (1,450 NIS) in Palestine.

 

In the West Bank about 19.4% of wage employees in the private sector received less than minimum monthly wage, about 44,500 wage employees with average monthly wage 1,030 NIS.

 

In Gaza Strip the percentage of wage employees in the private sector who received less than the minimum monthly wage was 75.4% about 89,600 wage employees with average monthly wage 768 NIS.

 

Child Labour

3.3% of children aged 10-17 years in Palestine  are employed; 4.5% in the West Bank and 1.6%  in Gaza Strip.

 

 

 

 

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